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HAS THE AMERICAN DREAM BEEN DEFEATED BY THE CANADIAN DREAM?
How many times have you heard your friends considering moving abroad? In my viewpoint, the main purpose for beginning the journey abroad is further education as ultimately it is considered as a ladder to the bright future. While the U.S. and Canada are some of the most considered countries among the students, it is always a dilemma to choose between these two. This is part of a long-running disagreement between North America’s two major republics. The United States of America has some of the best institutions in the world, with many of them continuously rating high in international university rankings. Despite this, Canada has progressively grown in popularity among Indians seeking chances overseas, both for education and for employment after graduation. The number of Indians who become legal citizens in Canada climbed 115 % between 2016 and 2020 and 2021, according to a new report by the National Foundation for American Policy (NFAP). Three Canadian cities, Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver, reached the top 50 student cities list, according to QS World University Rankings.
Canada is one of the top three countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, spending more per capita on education than any other country in the G-8 (OECD). It is known for its research-intensive institutions and ranks fourth in the world in terms of scientific research. The tenth-largest economy in the world, Canada’s sophisticated economy is based mostly on its enormous natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. The country has always welcomed skilled international professionals and a broad array of foreign students. Its study permit and immigration laws reflect this. Throughout the last six years, it has received over 300,000 immigrants on average. According to the NFAP’s analysis of government data, the number of international students from India registered in master’s level science and engineering programmes at US universities fell by nearly 40% (or 31,800) between the 2016-17 and 2019-20 academic years, whereas the number of foreigners from India studying at Canadian colleges and universities had risen by 182 percent. This demonstrates how much smoother it is for overseas students to get temporary visas and permanent residency in Canada than it is in the United States after graduation.
Over the last few years, the United States has become increasingly hostile to immigrants, making it more difficult than ever to acquire a job offer before applying. Canada, on the other hand, is the polar opposite. In general, US immigration is focused on employment; therefore obtaining a work permit is the simplest and quickest method to enter the country. After that, the applicant can “alter status” and become a legal citizen. Unless they are sponsored by a close family, persons seldom move to the United States without first obtaining a work visa (which requires them to find an employer). Canada, on the other hand, is more or less the polar opposite. It is more difficult to enter as a worker (unless you have a formal job offer from Human Resources Canada), but it is considerably easier to immigrate if you qualify. It would be helpful if you had a family or a job offer, but it is not essential. As a result, if you have a college diploma and job experience in a skilled occupation, you will most likely be eligible for permanent residency. “Canada has made it considerably simpler for overseas students to work and become permanent citizens than the United States, NFAP Executive Director Stuart Anderson stated. Its post-graduation work permit (PGWP) is often regarded as the first important step toward permanent residency. The government is increasing its immigration policy to accommodate more new permanent residents, which implies that international students in the country will have more options to stay after graduating from Canadian institutions of higher learning. According to a poll, consumer costs in Toronto are around 24.05 % cheaper than in New York City, and the cost of renting an apartment in Toronto is roughly half the cost of renting a place in New York. This index takes into account rent, groceries, restaurant pricing, and local purchases, all of which are greater in the United States ($ in USD).
Also, Canadians take pleasure in encouraging all of their inhabitants to respect and celebrate their respective cultures. In sharp contrast to what some perceive as the United States’ unfriendly foreign policy, Canada seeks to welcome overseas students. The data also demonstrates Canada’s openness to international students. In 2000, there were 122,700 international students in Canada; by 2019, there were 642,500. Six out of ten international students who were employed after completing their studies became landed immigrants within ten years of getting their study visa, according to a new report from Statistics Canada. The number of international students in the United States, on the other hand, increased at the slowest rate since 2009. These numbers show that foreign students increasingly prefer Canada over the United States, possibly as a result of the Canadian government’s measures aimed at attracting international students. Overall, the Canadian government plans to welcome 431,645 permanent residents in 2022, 447,055 in 2023, and 451,000 in 2024, according to the 2022-2024 Immigration Levels Plan. More than 405,000 people from all around the world arrived in Canada as legal citizens in 2021, the biggest number ever in a single year in Canadian history. H-1B visas are critical in the United States because they are often the only realistic method for high-skilled foreign people, especially international students, to work in the country for an extended period.